a level history- churchill's view of events 1929-1940

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  • Churchill's view of events 1929-1940
    • why Churchill was out of office 1929-1939
      • in conflict with the buk of his own party
      • took up a series of unpopular causes and spoke about them in an increasingly reckless way
        • became more isolates from british politics
      • the wall street crash affected him personally, compelled him to writing  for a living
    • churchills attitude to the abdication crisis
      • he was a member of a limited informal group called 'the kings friends'
        • undertook to support the monarch for reasons of personal loyalty and chivalry
      • churchill misjudged the mood in the house of commons and made a speech in favour of the king
    • his views about empire and india and clashes with his party
      • churchill served in india as a young officer
      • he had the view that india had to be protected in order to maintain the empire
      • British rule prevented the domination of the Hindu elites over the large numbers of Indian Muslims
      • British rule ensure the end of what he saw as barbaric practises and meant economic and social progress
      • the Indian population wanted self-governance and representation
      • April 1919, ghandi led a mass campaign against the rowlass acts
        • brutality as a result of the campaign led to indian nationalism getting new supporters
    • attitude towards germany after 1933
      • Churchill felt strongly about remaining uninvolved in the Munich agreement
      • Churchill did not favour staying out of European affairs
      • Churchill was critical of the governments policy on rearmament and appeasement
    • his views about rearmament and appeasment
      • hitlers views about the need to rearm and end the restrictions of the treaty if versailles were well known
      • churchill did not object to the concept of a nationalist dictatorship
      • Churchill saw the new regime in Germany as brutal
      • churchill feared a repeat of the situation prior to 1914
      • churchill used his position as a back bench MP to utter warnings about the need to arm
      • critics pointed out that churchill himself had been responsible for disarming in the 1920s and for maintaining the 10 year rule
      • the financial crisis meant that it may be difficult to Britain to rearm
      • hitler reintroduced conscription in 1935, breaking the treaty of versailles
        • remilitarised the rhineland in march 1936
    • why churchill became prime minister
      • the debate in the house of commons about norway led to major political changes
        • the debate was not focused entirely on the norwegian cmapaign, but on the whole record of the government since the war started
      • chamberlain came under some unexpected attacks from his own side
      • there was little indication that the debate would lead to chamberlain resigning
        • labour took advantage of the unexpected amount of criticism by conservative mps to force a vote
          • this made it much more of a vote of of confidence
            • over 40 conservative MPs voted against the government and the other 40 abstained
              • chamberlain was not defeated but was exposed to a lot of hostility
                • most MPs wanted Lord halifax to become PM, a peer who sat in the house of lords
          • churchill took responsibility for the failure


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