A.C. 2.2 + 3.2 - Describing and Evaluating Individualistic Theory (UNIT 2) (3)

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  • A.C. 2.2 Describe Individualistic Theories.
    • A.C. 3.2 Evaluate Individualistic Theories.
      • Disadvantage
        • people do not behave consistently in different situations, meaning it is a limited explanation (Deterministic)
        • research compares offenders and non offenders but does not consider those that don't get caught.
        • relies on self-report data being questionnaire. people may lie or misunderstand the question, which could lead to socially desirable or incorrect responses
        • Cultural bias,  Curt Bartol and Howard Holanchock looked into cultural differences, they studied on Hispanic and African-American offenders,
          • they divided them into six groups based on their criminal historyand the nature of their offence. they found that all six groups were found to be less extravert than a non criminal control group
    • Eysenck (Personality)
      • certain personality types more likely to commit crime. based his research on questionnaire of 700 soldiers who have been treated for neurotic disorders.
      • personality has 2 dimensions, 1) Extraversion and Introversion, 2) Neuroticism and Stability
        • Extroverts: sociable, and quickly bored
        • Introverts: reliable, control their emotions
        • Neurotics: anxious and irrational
        • Stable: calm and emotional personality
      • further research showed 3rd Dimension called Psychoticism
        • Psychotic personality types are cold, uncaring and aggressive, more likely to commit crime
          • Eysenck's theory predicts Psychotic, Extrovert and Neurotic (PEN) personality types are more likely to offend as its harder for them to control immature impulses


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