Ainsworth- Strange situation A03

  • Created by: MollyL20
  • Created on: 07-12-20 15:37
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  • The strange situation- A03
    • Support for validity
      • The attachments formed are strongly predictive for later development
      • Babies assessed as secure typically go on to have better outcomes in many areas, ranging from success at school to having romantic relationships and friendships in adult hood
      • Insecure-resistant attachment is associated with bullying in later childhood (Kokkinos 2007) and adult mental health problems (Ward et al 2006)
      • This evidence is for the validity of the concept as it can explain subsequent outcomes
    • Good reliability
      • The different observers watching the same children generally agreed on the attachment type
      • This agreement may be because the controlled conditions or because the behavioural categories are easy to observe
      • Bick et al (2012) looked at the inter-reliability. They found the observers found agreement on attachment types for 94% of tested babies
      • Meaning hat we can be confident that the attachment types identified doesn't just depend on who's observing them
    • The test may be culture bound
      • Cultural differences in childhood experiences may respond differently to the strange situation
      • Also, caregivers from different cultures behave differently to the Strange Situation
      • Takahashi (1990) has noted that the test doesn't really work in Japan because Japanese mothers  are rarely separated from their babies meaning they have high levels of separation anxiety
        • In the reunion stage the mothers rushed to the baby and scooped them up meaning the child's response was hard to observe


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