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  • Bandura's Theory
    • Claims
      • People learn by watching their role model's behaviour.
        • So, criminals learn how to reoffend.
      • If children watch adults gain pleasure from an activity, they will reject or repeat the behaviours.
      • Aggression can be learned from watching others behave in that manner and not be punished.
      • Attention to the role model.
        • Retention of the observed behaviour.
          • Reproduction of the target behaviour.
            • Motivation to imitate the observed behaviour.
    • Components
      • Bobo doll experiment.
        • Focused on children watching an adult being aggressive towards bobo doll.
        • Three groups of children watching different videos.
          • 1. Control group- saw model being aggressive.
          • 2. Reward group- saw model being rewarded.
          • 3. Punishment group- model was punished.
      • Conclusion- children showed video of model being punished showed the least agression.
    • Credibility
      • Theory is based on data collected through observation and experience.
      • There was a control group.
      • It was a lab experiment and highly controlled- scientific status.
      • It accounts for high reoffending rates in UK.
      • Reductionist- doesnt take biological differences into account.
    • Analysis
      • 10% of families in UK account for 2/3 of criminals.
      • McCrary family
        • Responsible for at least 22 abductions.
        • Responsible for murders, robberies and countless other offences.
        • The children have seen their parents do this and get away with it.
          • So, the children observe and imitate them.
    • Refuting Evidence
      • Research lacks ecological validity as the sampling behaviour- occurs in real life situations.
      • Study involves a child and adult in a limited social situation.
        • Observation normally takes place within family.
          • As children are familiar with the adults.
      • Doesn't explain why people that aren't exposed still commit criminal acts.
        • And people who are exposed aren't criminals.
    • Supporting Evidence
      • Sutherland's Differential Association
        • Criminal behaviour is learned.
        • The learning is through association with other people.
        • Main part of learning takes place within close personal groups.
        • The learning includes techniques to carry our certain crimes.
          • Specific attitudes and motives conducive towards committing crime.
        • Process of learning criminal behaviour is no different to learning normal behaviour.


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