Barriers Mind Map

  • Created by: sadiek04
  • Created on: 09-11-22 20:06
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  • Barriers
    • Environmental or Physical Barriers
      • What physical barriers within the environment can lead to people with additional needs not being able to fully access services, buildings or facilities within society?
        • Architectural - Buildings, streets, lift access and parking
        • Buildings have been designed to look good but the designs do not consider all the needs of the users
        • Transport
        • Environment
    • Financial Barriers
      • Why are people with additional needs or disabilities are more likely to live in poverty than those without disabilities?
        • Equipment may be expensive so people find they may not be able to afford aids that would benefit them and support their inclusion/
        • Many people feel they are caught in a poverty trap having to claim benefits as a result of limited jobs with proper access arrangements.
        • Many work in low paid jobs
        • Many are excluded from the workplace
    • Lack of Choice
      • What is meant by lack of choice as a barrier for individuals with additional needs?
        • Lack of choice can lead to an individual feeling low about themselves and pushed out of society.
        • This suggests that we should provide client centered care for people with additional needs, but lack of choice can become a barrier to full access to society for some people with additional needs,
        • It can be that individuals are restricted in where they can go and what hobbies or interests they can have e.g., in employment, in their lifestyle choices, when accessing transport.
    • Geographical barriers
      • Accessing services may be limited due to the area you live in.
      • Public transport may be an issue.
      • This may prevent someone from accessing services and receiving the support they need,
    • Communication Barriers
      • If you have a communication difficulty or sensory disability, there can often be a barrier to communication.
      • Braille or written form is not always provided
        • Some services will not have interpretors for hearing impaired clients, some service users cannot lip read.
        • Translators are not always provided,
      • English is not always a service users first language.
    • Cultural Barriers
      • Other cultures may have a more relaxed approach
      • In some cultures an impairment many be hidden within families due to shame or negative feelings.
      • In some cultures there is no one word for disability
      • The culture of the individual and the attitude to disability are closely linked.


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