Brazil - EDC case study

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  • Brazil
    • Profile
      • 7th largest economy in the world
        • leading economic power in latin america
      • 69% service, 25% industry, 6% agriculture
      • declining birth rate and ageing population
    • current migration patterns
      • net migration loss of 1/2 a million in 2000-04 and 2005-09
        • slowed to 190000 in 2010-14
      • increased migration with neighbouring countries eg. chile
      • increased emigration of highly skilled workers
        • to usa, europe and japan
      • increase in international labour migrants
        • for world cup and 2016 olympics
    • changes in migration over time
      • brazil was recipient of migrants in 19th and 20th century
        • europeans and japanese attracted by agricultural sector - coffee
        • immigration has slowed as 80000 less immigrants living here than start of century
      • emmigration has increased - 0.98m in 2000 and 1.77 million in 2013
        • usa has brazil's largest overseas population for economic reasons
        • brazilians of japanese descent have mpved to japan for employment
    • Portugal
      • long standing bilateral relationship on political, social and economic basis
        • brazil was a former colony of portugal who still give brazilians special migrant status
      • economic migrants use portugal as entrry to the eu
        • migrant remittances are important economic factor for many families in brazil
      • integration fro sshared language ancestry and family ties
    • USA
      • Political, socio-economic and environmental links
      • 1000s of low skilled economic migrants in usa send significant remittances
        • returning migrants have skills and knowledge contributing to brazilian development
      • high skilled brazilians find opportunities in usa's service sector
        • strong links in teacher training and education
      • USAID - supports brazilian environmental projects
        • training xavante indigineous people to protect from fire
    • Haiti
      • political, economic and humanitarian relationship
      • national immigration council for brazil enables haitian immigrants to obtain visas quite easily in haiti
        • this reduces vulnerability to trafficking networks
      • immigrants have increased from 1681 in 2010 to 11072 in 2013
        • this is still increasing as haitians are escaping poverty, unemployment,  unstable politics and human rights violations
        • many join family and friends in south east brazil
          • low skilled jobs are available in agriculture and factories


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