Case Study: Haiti 2010 earthquake

  • Created by: sxshx05
  • Created on: 28-04-22 12:24
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  • Haiti 2010 earthquake
    • Factors increasing vulnerability
      • Poor & unregulated building codes - little earthquake resistance
      • Only 33% had access to clean tap water
      • Poorest country in western hemisphere - 70% live on < $2 a day
      • Lack of education on what to do in response to an earthquake
      • Long history of ineffectual/unstable  governments
      • High population density
    • Location & geography of Haiti
      • Lies on a lateral slip plate boundary
      • Tropic of Cancer
      • Caribbean Sea
      • Port-au-Prince built on and around steep slopes making buildings more prone to collapse due to mass movement
      • Very faulted limestone makes ideal conditions for landslides as a result of tectonic activity
    • About the earthquake
      • Magnitude 7.0 on Richter scale
      • Quite shallow with only a 13km focus
      • Epicentre 25km SW of Port-au-Prince
      • Impacts
        • Short term
          • Affected over 3.5 million people
          • Initial death toll of 220,000 - however more likely 316,000
          • 1.6 million left homeless
          • 300,000 injured
          • 105,000 homes destroyed with another 190,000 badly damgaed
          • Underwater landslides triggered a 3m high tsunami
          • 60% of government/administritave buildings destroyed & 25% civil servants killed
          • 19 million m3 of rubble left in Port-au-Prince
        • Long term
          • $8.5 billion dollar damage to Haiti's economy - 5.1% contraction
          • In 2018 there were still 1.5 million people living in refugee camps.
          • Country's small GDP is spent on continually recovering from natural disasters instead of improving social/economic development
            • A result of this is a low literacy rate (61%) & low life expectancy (62 years)
          • Set the country back 125 years in development
    • Responses
      • NGOs
        • 'Architects for humanity' set up Haiti rebuilding centre in Port-au-Prince intending to rebuild communications, centres of education, hospitals & housing designed to withsatnd future earthquakes
        • International Health Partnership has been sending doctors & nurses since 2010 to deal with cholera epidemic
        • Majority of donations was from global public, however due to lack of media coverage its been deemed to little.
      • Intergovernmental Organisations
        • The UN refugee fund donated $21million in 2015 to help aid with the cholera epidemic
      • Foreign Aid
        • Any outstanding international debt was cancelled by donor countries in early 2010 (however has risen to $400 million since)
    • Other hazards that have worsened the situation
      • Cholera epidemic
      • Hurricane Matthew
        • Haiti has ideal conditions for hurricane formation: trade winds influenced by Coriolis effect carry moisture over Atlantic to tropics where warm water (28°) causes air to rise & the formation of a very low pressure zone leading to a hurricane.


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