Geography Case Study - Nigeria 

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  • Created by: salterl
  • Created on: 22-02-17 18:10
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  • Case Study - Nigeria
    • TNCs
      • Shell oil
        • positives of specifically Shell
          • major contribution to taxes
            • therefore, health care improves and many of the development factors because the government can spend the money on improving them.
              • benefits the economy because their is more healthy working age people
          • contributes to export revenue
          • provides direct employment for 65000 Nigerian workers
            • and further 250000 jobs in related indusries
              • This means their is more employment due to shell oil in Nigeria which means less poverty and more disposable income.
                • thus, Nigeria develops
          • supports the growth of Nigeria's energy sector.
        • negatives of specifically Shell
          • oil spills cause water pollution and soil degradation.
            • reduces agriculture
          • frequent oil flares send toxic fumes into the air
          • oil theft and sabotage
            • some Nigerian workers believe that shell oil is using their resources and sending the profits elsewhere not helping their country
            • 10% of the deltas oil is stolen and the government doesn't do anything to stop it.
          • little profits go back into the people
            • adds to their fustration
              • oil theft and sabotage
                • some Nigerian workers believe that shell oil is using their resources and sending the profits elsewhere not helping their country
                • 10% of the deltas oil is stolen and the government doesn't do anything to stop it.
          • when the oil runs out( approx. 50 years) Shell will leave and cause a redundency
          • corrupt politicians can refine the oil to benefit from it
          • causes pollution
      • about 40 TNCs operate in Nigeria many of them have their head quarters in europe or the USA
      • advantages of TNCs
        • employment and denelopment of new skills
        • more money is spent on the economy
        • investment by companies into education and local infrastructure
        • other local companies benefit by higher demand
        • value export revenues are earned
      • disadvantages of TNC's
        • workers are sometimes poorly paid
        • working conditions are sometimes very poor
        • management jobs aren't always available to the natives
        • lots of profit generated goes abroad
      • Unilever
        • produces soap from locally sourced palm oil
          • cheap to get in
        • provides direct employment for 1500 Nigerian workers
        • Aims at the growing Nigerian market to improve people quality of life
        • has high standards of employment and environmental stewardship
        • promoted improvements in education health care and water supply
      • stands for TRANSNATIONAL CORPORATION
      • they locate in foreign countries to take advantage of: tax incentives, cheaper labour, laxer environmental laws, access to a wider market.
    • Nigeria is a country is west Africa located north of the equator and south of the tropic of cancer.
      • It is hot and wet most of the year but in the north there is a long dry season.
      • extends from the gulf of guinea
        • better trade links
      • the north of the country is a lot less developed as it is battling with desertification
        • the area has a lot lower GDP and a lower percentage of girls attend school
    • resources
      • crude oil
        • from the Niger Delta
        • encouraged foreign investment
      • cotton
      • cocoa
      • palm oil
      • ground nuts
      • the majority of the exports are raw materials which often have low prices and more supply than demand
        • however, manufacturers are attracted to the country for the cheap raw materials and low labour costs
    • environmental impact of development
      • pollution
        • visual
          • many manufacturing plants are visually unappealing
        • noise
          • many plants produce noise
          • traffic from transporting the raw materials and goods creates noise pollution and congestion on the roads
        • air
          • fumes released by the manufacturing plants pollute the air contributing to global warming
            • these cause respiratory and heart problems
              • toxic fumes are released from oil flares
              • which affects the population costing the country in health care and lack of employees
          • toxic fumes are released from oil flares
        • water
          • oil spills can pollute the water
          • water channels and open drains are the most affected by water pollution
      • desertification
        • mainly affects the north
          • makes the land barren and difficult to live on
    • changing job sectors
      • Nigerian work used to mainly be in agriculture and a little in services and industry
        • this is mainly poorly paid and the workers probably lived hand to mouth
      • now the work has shifted to industry and services.
        • this is because of machines replacing people in agriculture and TNCs moving to the country
  • location and climate
  • visual
    • many manufacturing plants are visually unappealing

Comments

Notably Sm@rt.com

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cant see but good info

Theo321270

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Very useful but it overlays a little bit 

Mr_brown-09A

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this image is pretty gaddamn busstin to my eyes

really helped me revise for my geog y9 exam 

iwr 9.5/10 good resource to use 

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