Conflicts over the same water source

  • Created by: Amy Brown
  • Created on: 08-06-14 10:24
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  • Conflicts over the same water source
    • Water conflicts occur when demand for water overtakes supply and several stakeholders wish to use the same resource
      • The UN reports there arund 300 potential conflicts in the world e.g. China vs India Brahmaputra River
    • Case Study: Middle East Water Conflicts
      • Middle East is one of the most water-scarce regions in the world
      • Due to popilation growth, increasing affluence and development of irrigated farmlands there are increasing pressures on water supplies
      • Further Instability us created due to:
        • Overall scarcity of water but also poor access
        • Declining oil reserves with future drop in oil revenues
        • Rising youthful population and increasing demands
      • At the moment the Middle East uses revenue from their oil exports to pay for desalination plants to provide extra water
        • Also to pay for water and food imports
      • No single country in the Middle East can resolve its water problems without impacting another country
      • Potential Conflicts
        • The Euphrates and Tigris rivers originate in turkey but supply Syria and Iraq with water. Turkey wants to dam these rivers to improve incomes to Anatolia
        • 1967, Syria and other Arab states objected to Israel's National Water Carrier project and tried to destroy it. Israel then bombed their attempts to divert the River Jordan from Irael
        • Droughts across the whole region between 1990-2005 increased fears of conflicts
        • Bombing of Lebanese water pipelines by Israel in 2006


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