controversies - scientific status benefits

  • Created by: Abi Crew
  • Created on: 20-05-22 10:09
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  • scientific status - benefits of being a science
    • objectivity
      • researchers should collect scientific data in an objective way to avoid bias or prejudice
      • carefully controlled experiments have enabled researchers to be objective
        • Raine used PET scans to make observations about the differences between NGRI murderers and non-murderers
          • research suggests that objectivity is a benefit for psychology because researchers do not form conclusions based on subjectivity, but on scientific fact
    • paradigm
      • the set of assumptions, ways of thinking, methods, and terminology shared by a group about what should be studied and how (Kuhn, 1962)
      • psychology started with Wundt's Introspectionism and later moved on to behaviourism and cognitive study, so psychology does have its own paradigm
        • Valentine (1982) argued that behaviourism must be considered a science because it has one innate paradigm: that all behaviour is learned from external forces and is not inherent
      • each approach to psychology having its own set paradigm that does not change is a benefit to being a science
    • replicabillity
      • if a piece of research can be carried out time and time again, and the results are always similar, it is seen as reliable
      • laboratory experimentations is the only method in psychology that is truly replicable because of the high levels of control they allow for.
        • Loftus and Palmer's research into eyewitness testimony would be simple to replicate given the fact that a specific video and specific words were used
      • replicability in psychology is a benefit because it proves reliability of research and heightens the status of research findings and the reputation of psychology as a field


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