Topic 7: Crime and the Media

  • Created by: Lilly_B
  • Created on: 19-06-17 08:46
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  • Topic 7: Crime and the Media
    • Media representations of crime
      • Media distortion
        • Media over-represents violent and sexual crime
        • Media potrays victims as older and middle-class
        • Media exaggerates police success
        • Media exagertes risk of victimisation
        • Crime reported as series of seperate events
        • Media overplays extrodinary crime
        • Walby: sex crimes over-dramatisised - purpotrator is usually known
      • News values and crime coverage
        • Young is manufactured through criteria : Immediacy, dramatisation, personalisation, higher-status, simplification, novelty/unexpectedness, risk and violence
      • Fictional representations of crime
        • Surette - the 'law of opposites': drug/sex crimes overrepresented, homicides a result of greed and calculation, flctional sex crimes committed by pychotic strangers, and excessive police successes
        • Better recent trends: non-white working-class offenders, ploice corruption and centeral focus on victims
    • The media as a cause of crime
      • Forms of crime enticement through media
        • Imitation (copycat role models), arousal, desensitisation, criminal technqiues, target, advertising/relative deprivation, potrayal of police imcompetence + glamorisation of offending
      • Fear of crime
        • Tumber: correlation between fear of crimes and tabloid media consumption
      • Te media, relative deprivation and crime
        • Lea and Young: even poorest groups have media access - exposure to materialism + blocked oppotunity structures (Merton) causes strain
      • Cultural criminology, the media and crime
        • Young: media turns crime into a commodity - blurring of coundries between media crime and real crime
        • Ex: police car cameras alter how police works for TV show 'Cops'
      • The commodification of crime
        • Advertisers use media images of crime to sell products in youth market - e.g. gangster aesthetic
        • Heyward: crime is packaged and marketed to young people as romantic, exciting, cool and fashionable' -e.g. fashion brands using images of the forbiden (e.g. 'poison' or 'opium').
    • Moral panics
      • Mods and rockers
        • Cohen: folk devils and moral panics: exaggeration/distortion, prediction, and symbolisation
      • Deviance amplification spiral
        • Media coverage calls for ore policing, which amplies marginalisation and thus more crime
      • The wider context
        • Cohen: moral panics occur at times of social change (e.g. mods and rockers taking place in new-found hedonistic 1950's Britain - boundary crisis (e.g. black mugging epedemic
      • Cyber-crime
        • Moral panic over morality of horror comics, cinema, television, and video computer games in the past
        • Wall: cyper-trespass, cyber-deception/theft, cyber-pornograhy, cyber-violence, and global cyber-crime


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