death penalty

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  • the death penalty
    • Islam
      • Shari'ah law allows for the death penalty to be carries out for a series of offences
        • "do not take life, which God has made sacred, except by right"
        • murder, terrorism, treason, ****, adultery, homosexual
        • but it is preferable to forgive the accused in accordance with teachings of the Qur'an
      • the victim's family has to decide whether to show mercy upon payment of compensation or not
        • "if the culprit is pardoned by his aggrieved brother, this shall be adhered to fairly"
      • in countries that operate under Shari'ah law, methods of execution vary - beheading, stoning, hanging
        • strict evidence standards to meet before conviction
        • carried out in public to deter others from committing offences
      • Some muslims do not agree with the use of the death penalty
        • Muslim peace fellowship is a muslim organisation devoted to the theory and practice of Islamic non violence - their founder - Rabia Terri Harris has spoken out publicly against the death penalty
    • UK
      • abolished in the UK in 1965 as a 5 year experiment and permanently abolished in 1969
      • principle of utility - an action is right if it promotes maximum happiness for the max number of people affected by it - only allows death penalty is protection of wider society can be proven
      • sanctity of life - God gave life and only he has the right to take it away - executing an offender is denying God's right to take away the offender's life
        • some argue that the death penalty is reserved for those who have murdered and also taken life away - punished in a way that they deserve and god approves of
    • Christianity
      • those who agree with the death penalty use teachings from the old testament  to support their views - genesis
        • "whoever sheds human blood, by humans shall their blood be shed"
        • "life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth"
      • supporters of the death penalty believe it is a justifiable retribution for serious criminal acts and it also deters people from murder
        • also protects society by ensuring that a violent criminal does not kill again
      • Some Christians believe that only God has the right to take life as he gifted life to humanity so taking another life is not right
        • Jesus taught about the importance of forgiveness and warned people not to judge each other harshly
        • prophet Ezekiel said - "I take no pleasure in the death of the wicked, but rather that they turn away from their ways and live
      • imprisonment protects society and gives murderers the chance to repent and be reformed - this is what many people want to happen
        • pope francis "every life is sacred [...] society can only benefit from the rehabilitation of those convicted of crimes"


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