Deindustrialisation in Leicester

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  • Leicester: A case study in deindustrialisa-tion
    • History
      • Second richest city in Europe in 1936 due to textile trade
      • Many Indian and Pakistani families mover there to work in textile factories
      • 30,000 people were employed in the textile mills in the 1920s
      • Known for producing textiles, hosiery and footwear
      • In the 1960s, one factory supplying to M&S employed over 6.500 workers
    • Deindustrialis-ation
      • Textile production moved to Asia during the 1970s
      • Factories were closed and abandoned
      • Lots of land has been damaged from the industry
      • It is cheaper to manufacture clothes in Asia
    • Impacts
      • Land has been contaminated and is potentially dangerous due to the previous industry
      • Large population decline during the 1970s and 80s due to unemployme-nt
      • Cheap housing attracted low income  groups, creating deprivation
      • Areas of deprivation are found in wards where there was previously manufacturing and that have large ethnic minority populations
      • Leicester is in the 20% most deprived districts and unitary authorities in England
      • About 29% of children live in low income families
      • Life expectancy for men and women is below the England average
      • Levels of teenage pregnancy and GCSE attainment are worse than the England average
      • Many inner-city areas have gained reputations for crime although rates have dropped since 2000 due to regeneration and gentrification


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