Disease Dilemmas 2. Is there a link between disease and levels of economic development?

  • Created by: DanBish
  • Created on: 07-05-22 13:55
View mindmap
  • Is there a link between disease and levels of economic development?
    • How rising standards of living, including access to food, clean water and sanitation, impact upon susceptibility to disease and influence a country’s epidem-iological transition
      • Epidem-iological transition
        • Age of pestilence and famine - Pre-industrial societies, low life expectancy, poor sanitation
        • Age of receding pandemics - Industrial societies with advances in medical tech, diet and hygiene, epidemics causing large-scale mortality become rare
        • Post-industrial societies - Rate of mortality slackens. Further improvements in tech, hygiene + living standards mean infectious disease mortality is rare
    • The reasons why LIDCs have a higher prevalence for communicable diseases (diseases of poverty) and ACs have a higher prevalence for noncommunicable diseases (diseases of affluence)
      • LIDCs
        • Com-municable diseases dominate mortality in the poorer countries
        • Water-borne diseases such as cholera, typhoid and polio
        • Inadequate food intake gives rise to undernutrition and malnutrition, weakening the immune system, increasing risk of infection
        • Water pollution mainly caused by lack of proper sanitation and hygiene, with polluted water from water wells and surface streams provides a disease reservoir for cholera, typhoid and diarrhoea
      • ACs
        • Non com-municable diseases like CVD and cancer dominate mortality and morbidity in ACs
        • Com-municable diseases largely eliminated due to medical diagnoses and treatments
        • Com-paratively healthy populations, long average life expectancies
        • Prolonged life expectancy inevitably increases the proportion of deaths and illnesses connected to degenerative diseases and old age
        • Overnutrition and excessive consumption of sugar, carbs, fats and salt are increasing the risks and prevalence of non-com-municable diseases like CVD, type-2 diabetes and cancers
    • Air pollution in India
      • Causes
        • Fuel and biomass burning
        • Emissions standards
        • Traffic congestion
        • Greenhouse gas emissions
      • National and global solutions
        • Anti-pollution legislations
        • Subsidies for petrol and diesel will be scrapped
        • Restrictions placed on the burning of stubble in fields
        • Countries have set targets of emission reduction to reach


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Disease Dilemmas resources »