Down's Syndrome PT1

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  • Down's Syndrome
    • Symptoms
      • Physical
        • Upward slanting eyes (palpebral fissures)
        • A flatter face
        • Small head
        • Short neck
        • Protuding tongue
        • Unusually shaped or small ears
        • Poor muscle tone
        • Broad, short hands with a single crease in the palm
        • Relatively short fingers and small hands and feet
        • Tiny white sports on the iris of the eyes (Brushfield's spots)
        • Excessive flexability
        • Short height
      • Intellectual
        • Mild to moderate cognitive impairment
        • Language skills are typically delayed
        • Short and long term memory is not as strong
    • Identified needs
      • Help developing speech and motor skills
      • May need help with self-care and personal care due to limited mobility
      • Assistance with day-to-day tasks
      • Ways of communicating
      • Close observation and monitoring of medical problems
      • Accessing therapies
        • Occupational
        • Physical
        • Speech
    • Adjustments required
      • Speaking clearly and calmly so that they can learn from you
      • Communicating in different ways
        • Singalong
          • Makaton
            • PCES
      • Setting routines for them to follow at certain aspects of the day
        • Dinner
        • Getting up
      • Enhanced monitoring of behaviour as there may be communication issues
        • They may not be able to tell you how they feel
      • Regular, hearing, and eyesight checks because of the other associated health risks
      • Extra support from a teacher or assistant (for school) such as taking part in lessons or getting around the school


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