Early Adulthood

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  • Early Adulthood
    • Physical aspects of early adulthood
      • Reaction time is at it's quickest
      • Hand-eye coordination is at its peak
      • Sexual characteristics are fully developed
      • Young adults have now reached their full height and strength between 19-28
      • Exercise and a healthy diet can help to develop physical fitness and athletic skills into middle adulthood
      • Women are at their most fertile and can become pregnant and lactate
    • Pregnancy
      • Many physical and emotional changes are made in preparation for adulthood
      • Increased progesterone  maintains the pregnancy and blood flow to the placenta
      • Increased oestrogen needed for organ development
        • Can cause morning sickness
      • Hormones also affect and change the shape and appearance of breasts
        • Darkening veins due to increased blood supply
        • ******* and areolas darken
        • Breasts become more tender and sensitive as they prepare to produce milk
    • Perimenopause
      • Tends to start in women around the ages of 40
      • Ovaries begin to make less oestrogen and the number of eggs produced are reduced
      • Symptoms
        • Period chnages
        • Hot flushes
        • Trouble sleeping
        • Fatigue
        • Forgetfulness
        • Vaginal dryness
        • Mood changes
        • Low libido
        • Urinary chnages
        • Dry skin
        • Hair loss
        • Heart palpitations
        • Decreasing fertility
        • Loss of bone
        • Changes in cholesterol levels
      • Perimenopause can last from anytime from a few months up to 10 years
    • Role of sex hormones
      • Oestrogen
        • Regulates ovulation
      • Progesterone
        • Necessary for the implantation of fertilised eggs in the uterus
        • Maintenance of pregnancy and sexual health


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