economic change birmingham

View mindmap
  • Case study for economic change: Birmingham
    • early inventions - cotton processing machines, first medical xray 1896 and radar development during ww2
    • 12th century
      • de bermingham family purchased royal charter allowing a amarket to take place
    • medieval birmingham
      • 6 streets and parish church, black country supplied raw material for metal trades
    • 1500s
      • power from water mills and a busy town
    • 1700s - industrial revolution
      • inhabitants moved from rural areas to employment - 15000 population
        • first factory established by matthew boulton with 700 employees in industrial process
    • 19th century
      • cadbury family set up bourneville factory and model village for the workers
        • metal manufacturing needed to supply food and growth of gun, jewellery, button industry
          • midland terminal london to birmingham railway opened in 1838
    • 1900-1950
      • engineering, chemical and vehicle industry growth - austin car plant, bakelite
        • continous population growth within city and from immingrants from rural areasand british isles
    • Place characteristics efore 1950s
      • ethincity was mainly white
        • unemployment - 1% and 60% of males had skilled jobs
          • Environment - high pollution in rivers and air as there were no controls on emissions
    • Industrial Decline
      • 1970-1983
        • earnings fell from highest in uk to lowest of any region
          • global shift meant many factories were closed
            • growth of service sector created new jobs in tertiary sector
        • unemployment - 1982 was 19.4%


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all changing spaces making places resources »