education Theories

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  • Education and the different views.
    • functionalism
      • Basis
        • the functions are to be teach about work and economy, to sift through people into jobs and play in secondary socialisation
        • meritocracy is where successful students get the best jobs
        • role allocation into jobs.
      • Durkheim
        • education transmits societies norms and values
        • education is a miniature society - microcosm.
        • teaching history has a link between individual and society which brings social solidarity
        • evaluation
          • explains subject importance
          • Hargreaves's says school doesnt usually share norms.
          • in school people are forced to conform
          • prepares proletariat - marxism
      • Parsons
        • the education system acts as a bridge, it passes on universalistic values and social solidarity
        • between particularistic values and universalistic values, has dysfunction within it
        • evaluation
          • ignores diversity and individual differences
          • social class affects job
        • sifts and sorts into a meritocratic society too
        • uni = achieved status
        • part = ascribed status
      • Davis and Moore
        • they see the education system as role allocation
        • most talented = better pay
        • evaluation
          • unfair to those with social differences in identity e.g race, disability and social class
          • ignorant
    • Marxism
      • basis
        • education will only be fair if the proletariat or working class revolt against it and create communist education
        • provides efficient and obedient workers
        • education is an ideological tool
      • Althusser
        • it takes a theoretical approach, it is not research based.
        • working class are controlled by two types of ideological state apparatus
        • repressive state is the ones who physically enforce an ideology
        • ideological state is the ideas and control over the way we think
        • evaluation
          • just a theory
          • not all working class kids fail education
          • no evidence
      • Bowles and Gintis
        • education is a myth making machine that helps sustain ideological state apparatus and capitalism
        • the correspondence principle is that education mirrors the workplace
        • correspondence principle works through the hidden curriculum
        • they researched american schools and concluded it reproduces the workforce
        • evaluation
          • american
          • hidden curriculum is not proven
          • not everyone accepts rules willis 1970
      • Willis
        • working class pupils can resist indoctrination through not working in school and forming a counterschoolculture
        • counter school culture is where they actively choose to fail
        • 12 wc boys, unstructured interview and observation.
        • evaluation
          • observations are selective and biased
          • didnt look at girls
          • unstructured = bad




Theories of education are a reflection of how we as a society view the role of children in society, and how we wish to prepare our students for future success. Must you check this essay help online and get to learn skills about study task. These theories are based on the way people learn in general, or on the way students actually learn, which is influenced by all sorts of factors that each individual is exposed to during their lives.

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