Emotional Development

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  • Emotional Development
    • Definitions
      • Emotional Literacy
        • The ability to recognise, understand, and appropriately express emotions
        • Essential for forming positive social relationships
        • Who might find emotional literacy hard to form?
          • Those with learning difficulties
          • People with speech difficulties
      • Empathy
        • The ability to identify with or understand another's situation or feelings
      • Attachment
        • A strong emotional connection between a child and caregiver
        • Attachments are formed from our first stages of emotional and social development
    • Infants are biologically pre-programmed to form attachments
    • Emotional development needs to include how a person values themselves as well as other people
      • Forms emotional literacy
      • Forms the ability to empathise
    • By forming strong attachments to someone this can increase self-esteem and self-image
    • Life Stages
      • Infancy
        • Need to form attachments necessary for good relationships throughout life
      • Early Childhood
        • Start understanding self and others
          • Begin to have an idea of self concept
      • Adolescence
        • Identity
          • Sense of self continues to develop including a sense of own identity
      • Early and middle adulthood
        • Intimacy
          • Adult relationships - have to learn to cope with emotional attachment.
          • Self esteem influenced by lifestyle
      • Later adulthood
        • Making sense of your life
          • Need secure sense of self to cope with physical changes associated with aging and death
    • Attachment
      • Benefits
        • The child will have a sense of belonging
        • The child will feel
          • Secured
          • Loved
        • Caregivers should ensure that child have:
          • The physical, mental, and emotional encouragement to develop healthy
        • Secure attachments in childhood can lead to happier and healthier attachments with others in the future
      • Bowlby's theory of attachment
        • Ainsworth's strange situation
    • Reasons for poor attachment
      • Disability
        • Some babies born with disabilities can have difficulty forming attachments
      • Emotional unavailability
        • Drug or alcohol abuse
        • Illness or struggling with their role
      • Prematurity
        • If in an incubator they cannot be picked up and held which can affect the attachment process
      • Foster care/ adoption
        • Inconsistency of care givers may affect attachments and their sense of identity
      • Post-natal depression
        • May affect the mothers ability to bond with her baby
      • Separation
        • Through bereavement or divorce


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