ethical, practical and theoretical issues in educational context

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  • Ethical, Practical & Theoretical issues in educational context
    • Ethical
      • should ensure no harm is done
      • unguarded comments by staff may affect their career progession
      • important to maintain confidentiality
      • observation of staff rooms has ethical issues if haven't all consented
      • children considered particularly vulnerable so must take extra caution
      • if distracted from education, could be interpreted as doing harm
      • gaining informed consent can be an issue as young participants may not fully understand research
      • children shouldn't feel they have to participate due to an adult asking
      • consent of children should be obtained as well as parents
      • likely to give properly informed consent
      • must maintain confidentiality
    • Practical
      • lack of time- teachers often very busy, little time for interviews for example
      • teachers only likely to take part with permission of line manager -restricts availability
      • subject to scrutiny, may restrict ability/willingness to take part
      • may be unwilling in case research puts institution in bad light and job at risk
      • has to fit with working life of teachers, not take too much time and not threaten the institution reputation
      • can be limited due to parents consent
      • likely have to undergo DBS check
      • have to conform to demands like opening times and when they're permitted to access
      • approval needed by school and parents
      • young pupils may lack skills/confidence to partake
      • researching young children can be time consuming and therefore expensive
      • parents not usually present in schools, sample hard to get
      • difficult to access contact details
      • interviews = time consuming to visit individual homes at convinient time
      • unlikely to be able to observe behaviour as takes place in private family setting
    • Theoretical
      • when teachers/ lecturers observed may act unnatural
      • likely to associate presence of outsider in classroom with Ofsted inspections. May try to impress
      • interviews may be bias and teachers may give cautious answers instead of true opinions
      • can be unrepresentative as teachers chosen by senior staff perhaps to give positive impression
      • young children may answer falsely as don't understand questions, affecting validity
      • those in education have little power, difficult to openly express views
      • presence of observer may affect behaviour of pupils
      • representativeness of samples has issues as access to children depends on parents and teachers = can't generalise
      • problems getting representative sample. those more involved in childs education more likely to take part
      • questionnaires can mean uneven response rate
      • may lie to appear more interested in childs education to create good impression, affects validity


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