• Created by: DanielV45
  • Created on: 12-10-22 09:56
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    • Ethnicity - culture, language, heritage, religion
    • People may have 'heritage language' - E.g. A language which is spoken at home but is not the common language a society
    • People may code-switch to show solidarity with ethnic groups
    • Drummond's polish study - speakers retained an 'ink' pronunciation of -ing verbs if more likely to be returning to Poland in future. PERFORMING IDENTITY
    • A major language concept limited to ethnicity is pidgins + creoles
      • Pidgins: Simplified languages which grow out of necessity when 2 groups with no lingua franca need to communicate.
      • Features: Simple clauses, restricted lexis, no prepositions, determiners etc..
    • When New Generations adopt the pidgin as a native language, becomes a creole
      • E.g. Jamaican Creole
        • 'fi' instead of 'to' in infinitives
        • 'me' instead of 'I' - First person pronoun
      • BUT prescriptivist attitudes - 'corrupted' 'broken' English. Rasta mouse controversy
        • Descriptivist attitudes - creole is not broken, just different. Creoles important for IDENTITY -lots of creole music, literature. Creoles have COVERT prestige
    • MLE: Shows how language spreads/changes/evolves
      • Spoken in multi ethnic groups, also links to age +class.
      • MLE--Jamaican, Bangladeshi, European, Cockney
      • Features - nouns like blud, fam.
        • Shows solidarity/ group identity
      • But prescriptivist attitudes, e.g.., Lilian Bayliss and Jafaican
      • But MLE continues to spread/evolve - MUBE
    • Prescriptivist idea about SE are not gong to go away.
      • Standards are needed for communication, non-standard varieties are important for culture, identity etc.
      • So, people accomodate or code-switch depending on cicumstance.


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