Expanations of Forgetting

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  • Explanations of forgetting
    • Interference
      • Retroactive
        • Occurs when newer memories disrupt the recall of older memories.
      • Proactive
        • Occurs when older memories disrupt the recall of newer memories.
      • Forgetting because on memory blocks another, causing them to be distorted. the degree of forgetting is greater when the memories are similar
    • Retrieval Failure Theory
      • Encoding Specifity Principle: found by Tulving (1983), a cue must be present at encoding and retrieval to be helpful
      • A cue is a trigger that allow us to access memories. can be indirectly linked by being encoded as the information is being learnt
        • cues can be internal (eg mood you are in) or external (environmental context)


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