Folk Traditions

  • Created by: lilac123
  • Created on: 31-01-21 17:37
View mindmap
  • Folk traditions
    • Early Classical
      • not used  in this period
      • folk tradition didn't emerge until the 19th century
      • links to dance in symphonies instead
        • minuet and trio
          • courtly dances from Baroque period
          • Stamitz no.2
    • Mature Classical
      • elements of folk tradition heard in classical symphonies
      • move towards folk in Haydn's works
        • the use of Austrian, Hungarian or Croatian folk tunes or melodies, harmonies and rhythms 
          • common in all of Haydn’s symphonies
          • Croatian folk music
            • Haydn 103
              • finale
                • theme claimed to be based on the Croatian folk song Divoj?ica potok gazi
            • Haydn 104 finale
              • opening theme is said to be based on the  song Oj, Jelena, Jelena, jabuka zelena
        • father was a folk musician
        • in comparison to folk music, Haydn's versions were more interesting and expressive
          • shows his creativity as a composer
    • Early Romantic
      • Beethoven
        • Pastoral Symphony
          • Beethoven makes use of simple folk-like melodies often over drones and pedals in both the first and last movements.
          • The use of ‘pastoral’ keys such as F major, and metres such as 6/8 were also common features of folk
          • “Merry Dances of the Countryfolk” that he offers as the third movement.
          • The last movement imitates a very specific type of Shepherd’s song known as a ranz des vaches
            • The opening melody is almost identical to this traditional melody, played by Swiss shepherds on an alphorn.
      • Mendelssohn
        • Italian Symphony
          • Mendelssohn uses a range of dance and folk inspirations for this symphony, some of them obviously connected with the Italian theme
            • The last movement is explicitly modelled on the Italian Saltarello, a folk dance that involves energetic leaps and skips. 
            • The drones at the beginning clearly support the folk-dance feel.
        • composers were influenced by nationalism so put a lot of folk elements into their symphonies, they were also inspired by places they had been.
    • Late Romantic
      • Dvorak no.9
        • The music is full of modal inflections, like the flattened seventh in the main theme of the last movement
        • many syncopations  that could loosely be inspired by almost any folk tradition
          • including that of Dvorak’s native Czechoslovakia and/or the Afro-American and native American music
      • Smetana Ma Vlast
        • the main tune from Vltava  is a melody that pops up in a variety of folk cultures from Scotland to Ukraine.


No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all Development of the symphony resources »