Functionalism mindmap

  • Created by: natbat11
  • Created on: 13-09-19 11:48
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  • Emile Durkhirm:  FUNCTIONALISM
    • Believed that society is made of
      • collective conscience
        • a shared set of norms and values between member of society
      • social solidarity
        • people feel a sense of belonging to their society
      • these result in societies which are ordered and stable
    • Functionalism
      • believe society is based on a consensus (agreement)
      • assumption that society has basic needs that need to be met for it to survive
        • Socialisation
          • informal
            • family
              • primary socialisation
          • formal
            • legal system
              • secondary socialisation
        • Social order
          • people need to know what is expected of them
            • for a smooth running society
          • requires cooperation and social solidarity
            • social unity
        • shared norms and values being passed down
    • Forms of social control and socialisation
      • education
        • social control
          • detention, exclusions
          • to prepare children for work
          • informal
        • socialisation
          • respect people
            • be quiet when someone else is speaking ect.
          • basic rules of society
          • interactions with others
      • Family
        • socialisation
          • praise for good things for good things
            • teaches that you will be rewarded for good deeds e.g work promotions
            • teaching them to listen,read and write
              • reading books,story telling
        • social control
          • discipline
            • punishments
          • naughty corner
            • teaches them to not do it again
    • The Organic Analogy
      • Different parts of a society act as certain organs within one organic body
        • depend on eachother
        • act together
      • society is a system and all parts of it work together to work
      • different organs are different institutions of society
      • Created by Herbert Spencer
    • Evaluation of functionalism
      • strengths
        • effective in showing how different parts of society work together to meet society's needs
        • highlights some of the positive functions that parts of society perform
      • critisims
        • fails to explain conflict,especially between different religions,ethnic groups and beliefs of powerful groups that tend to dominate in society
        • not everyone may agree with the shared values that functionalists see as important
          • rose tinted glass approach


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