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  • Functionalist (Education)
    • Durkheim's two positive functions of Education
      • Social Solidarity
        • mechanical solidarity
          • Education passes on shared heritage
            • e.g. History, literature, music
              • Therefore students understand aspects of culture
        • [new] Modern era (organic solidarity)
          • teaching of birtish values
          • democracy
          • the rule of law
          • Individual liberty
        • Causes Communal gathering
          • Assemblies, prize giving
            • Promotes values of community
        • Causes Social cohesion
          • Sport activities, house systems
            • Sense of unity
        • Criticism
          • Postmodernist: does a multicultural society need shared values?
          • Hargreaves (1982)  the education system encourages individualism and competition
          • Ignores negative side effects such as bullying
      • Specialist skills (for work)
        • Vocational education
        • advanced  knowledge, which requires years of formal education
        • Work-place solidarity is based on co-operation between people with very different skill sets
        • Crticism
          • Marxist: Over qualified work force
          • Feminist: Girls discourage from certain subjects
          • Postmodernist: Teaching to test kills creativity
    • Parson's Secondary Socialisation (functions for society learned through school)
      • How does education achieve this?
        • Hidden curriculum
        • Norms and values of school
        • Competition between students
      • Contemporary examples
        • School unifrom policies
        • Disciplinary policies of school (rules)
        • Ofsted enourage cultural capital implicitly
      • Criticisms
        • Marxist: Hidden curriculum prepares students for exploitation by trasmitting values of capitalism
        • Post mondernist: fragmented nature of society means socilaistion by various agents
        • Clash of working class and middle class values in education leads to underachievement
    • Davis and Moore: Role Allocation for society
      • How education achieves this
        • Most able students end up in higher positions in society
        • Promotes ideas of social mobility and meritocracy
        • Lower ability end up in low-skilled positions
      • Contemporary examples
        • kids are placed in sets according to their skill levels
        • less successfull children may choose vocational eductation, therefore learning manual labour
        • Universities offer places to  kids accoring to their predicted grades
      • Criticisms
        • Marxists belive meritocracy is a myth making- machine
        • Feminist: too much focus on male professions, leading to inequality and gender pay gap
        • Private education students are at more of an advantage


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