Geography A-Level - Physical - Adapting to Hazards

  • Created by: Noah_S
  • Created on: 04-06-21 17:35
View mindmap
  • Adapting to Hazards
    • Mutli-Hazard Environment - Philippines
      • Responses
        • Before 2009, the Philippian government only focused on providing aid after a disaster, focusing on the short term
        • After 2009, the government then focused on a "Build Back Better" strategy, like the Japanese
          • Action taken includes not allowing buildings in high risk areas, adapting building codes and monitoring hazards
        • Local communities generally understand the dangers of hazards from experience
          • They may prepare for disasters, like widening rivers to prevent flooding or gathering emergency supplies
      • Hazards
        • Seismic Hazards
          • Earthquakes also occur along plate margins, which can produce secondary hazards
          • Luzon Island Earthquake (1990) - Killed 1800+
          • Moro Gulf Tsunami (1975) - Killed thousands and devastated several coastal cities
        • Tropical Storms
          • The Philippines has around 18 tropical storms per year
          • Typhoon Haiyan (2013) - Killed 8000+, with $2.9 Billion in damages and 5.5 Million jobs lost
        • Volcanoes
          • Mount Pinatubo Eruption (1991) - Killed 780+, 208,000 homeless and agricultural land destroyed by ash
          • Philippines is near a destructive plate margin, producing composite volcanoes
    • Local Hazard Environment - Kobe (1995)
      • Impacts
        • 5002 deaths, with 235,000 rendered homeless (Social)
        • $150 Billion in damages, with 120/150 quays in the ports damaged due to Liquefaction (Economy)
          • 22% of offices in CBD rendered unusable
        • Damaged gas pipes led to multiple fires being started (Environment)
          • Made response effort harder
      • Pre-Disaster
        • Kobe did not have an earthquake for over a centaury, so they weren't prepared
        • 7.2 Magnitude Earthquake under Awaji Island, 20k from the CBD of Kobe
      • Responses
        • Government then investigated the disaster, and updated the building codes based on new knowledge gained (Long Term)
        • Government also created Rapid Response teams, for future disasters. This helped in the 2011 Japanese earthquake (Long Term)
        • Japanese Government took two days to respond, so volunteerism was crucial for immediate aid (Short Term)
          • Volunteerism became part of local and national culture, with January 17th being declared by the government as "Disaster Prevention and Volunteerism Day"


No comments have yet been made

Similar Geography resources:

See all Geography resources »See all Natural hazards resources »