Geography, urban future, case studies, Mumbai

  • Created by: liv.liv
  • Created on: 12-04-22 15:18
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  • Mumbai
    • challenges Mumbai faces
      • High population
      • slums are at the edge of the city and in the center
      • 68% of Mumbai's workforce is unemployed by the formal sector
      • Mumbai's hospitals are understaffed by 26% of health care workers and 44% of doctors
      • Mumbai's roads are congested and poorly maintained
        • many residents do not own a car and use trains to travel but they are overcrowded, with 8million people using them daily
      • 41% of the population live in slums
      • Costal areas have been littered due to inefficient waste schemes and littering
      • the informal economy does not pay tax or is not regulated
    • solutions and sustainability
      • Bus rapid transport (BRT)
        • this will help reduce the pressure on the trains
        • be safer for pedestrians
        • but it is still in the planning stages of development
      • green spaces
        • Business are take the lead in improving  environments, without waiting for larger, city-wide initiatives.
        • They create small green spaces
      • Dharavi's recycling zone
        • The UK recycles 23% of plastics unlike Mumbai which recycles 80%
        • Women and children have to sit in the sun shifting through rubbish
          •  They earn around a £1 a day for their work.
        • It is claimed  Dharavi’s recycling zone the way forward to a sustainable future
        • They recycle everything from cosmetics to computer keyboards
    • location , history and population
      • Mumbai is a city on the west coast of central India
      • It is made up of islands and the mainland close by
      • It was known as Bombay during the British Empire rule, but before that was ruled as a Buddhist and Hindu centre as well as being taken over by the Portuguese
      • The population of Mumbai has grown rapidly since the 1970s, although it has slowed down in recently, now the population has gotton to 18.41 million
      • Most of the people moving to Mumbai are rural-urban migrants who move to city in hope of a better life
    • Mumbai's slums
      • Mumbai's slums have no electricity so people bring long cables that are trip hazards and can cause fires
      • schools in slums are often overcrowded, leaving children unable to attend fulltime or at all
        • This gives Mumbai an uneducated workforce
      • They don't commonly have fresh running water
      • unhygienic conditions and shared facilities mean disease spreads fast


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