Global governance in Afghanistan (area of conflict)

  • Created by: EEC2145
  • Created on: 15-03-23 16:07
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  • Global governance in Afghanistan
    • United Nations
      • UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA)
        • Established in 2002 to help achieve sustainable peace and development
        • Working with the Afghan government and NGOs to strengthen the work of the Human Rights Commission
          • Aims to promote respect for international human rights laws
          • Promotes accountability
        • Promotes good governance
      • Rural areas of Ghor
        • Introduced more effective agricultural practices
        • Reduced risk of diseases by securing safe water supplies and improved hygiene
        • Economic, social and political rights are promoted
        • Advises on nutrition to reduce malnutrition
        • Protecting children from child marriage, domestic abuse and child labour
        • Ghor is one of the most geographically inhospitable regions.
      • UN Habitat in Kabul
        • Community development councils (CDCs) are locally elected and plans specific to that area are submitted
          • The CDCs include 200-250 households to focus on the issues there
          • Most plans include upgrading of housing, infrastructure, electricity, sanitation, schools and healthcare
          • CDCs have 50% women membership
        • Employment opportunities, security of land conditions,  roads and drainage have all improved
      • UN World Food Programme has a vital role in food security
    • Afghan government
      • Joined the Economic Cooperation Organisation and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
        • Allows free trade and promotes economic growth
      • Established the Afghan Independent Human Rights Commission
      • Efforts have been made to address violence against women and girls, to recruit more female prosecutors and judges
        • Only limited progress in parliament (27% of seats were held by women)
      • Government ministries co-operating with international organisations
    • AfghanAid (NGO)
      • Involved in sustainable rural development strategies
      • Co-ordinates its work with that of the UN and the Afghan government
      • Deliver basic services like clean water and focuses on food security
        • 532 solar water pumps built
      • Ensures women are involved in all the work they do
      • Basic Services
        • 54km of new roads and bridges
          • Links remote communities to markets
        • 27 new schools built
          • 95% more daughters attend school
        • 580 literacy training courses for women
      • Livelihoods
        • Promote techniques to conserve water, protect and renew forests
        • Established vocational training and tools to start their own business (32,000)
      • Disaster risk reduction
        • 71 community based management committees
      • 87% reduction in household violence
  • The improvements haven't been uniform all over Afghanistan and with the return of the Taliban now have been largely ineffective


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