Globalisation and crime - Green and state crimes

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  • Green and state crime
    • Definitions of green crime
      • Secondary - crimes against the environment which result from breaking Or ignoring legislation
        • Shipping nuclear waste to third world countries and causing damage there
        • Dumping in the ocean
        • Rainbow Warrior (Greenpeace ship) was destroyed while protesting
      • Primary - crimes directly committed against the environment which cause harm
        • Air pollution
        • Deforestation
        • Species decline and animal abuse
        • Water pollution
    • Ways in which we can define green crime
      • Harms, zemiology and green criminology
        • Green crime should be defined as an act against the environment regardless of whether there is law to prevent it or not
        • Ecocentric view - environment has dominance over humans
      • International law and traditional criminology
        • Green crime should be defined simply as a crime which breaches law to protect the environment
        • Anthropocentric view - humans can dominate
    • Definitions of  state crime
      • State-facilitated corporate crime: state does not prevent this crime occurring
        • E.g Deepwater Horizon Oil spill
      • State-initiated corporate crime : the government directs this crime to occur
        • E.g Salisbury poisoning
      • War crimes : acts carried out during war or conflict which go against the international rules of war
        • E.g My Lai
    • Ways which we can define state crime
      • International law - state crimes are those which break international treaties  such as the Geneva convention
      • Social harms and zemiology - state crimes are those which are legally permissible but have similar consequences to illegal acts in terms of harm caused
      • Breach of human rights  - state crimes are those which violate basic human rights systematically via the state
        • Imperialism
        • Racism
        • Sexism
        • Economic exploitation
    • Why does state crime occur?
      • Authoritarian personality (Adorno)
        • State crimes become possible when a large group of people share the authoritarian personality
        • A personality type characterised by absolute obedience to authority
      • Modernity  (Bauman)
        • Division of labour - singular responsibility foe ones task
        • Bureaucratisation - normalisation of role; dehumanisation of victims
        • Instrumental rationality - rational methods used to achieve a goal
        • Science and technology - extremely important in the committing of state crimes


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