Grammar Revision

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  • Grammar
    • Nouns: names of people, places and things
      • Common Nouns:  classify things into general types or categories,  e.g. chair, country, woman, house.
        • Abstract Nouns:refer to ideas, processes, occasions, times, qualities which cannot be touched or seen – e.g. hatred, justice, equality.
        • Concrete Nouns: refer to physical things which can be touched and measured – e.g. chair, banana.
      • Proper Nouns: refer to specific people and places and are written with an initial capital letter, e.g.  Laura, Paris, Coronation Street
      • Collective Nouns: refer to collections of things such as a 'group' of people.
    • Verbs: action or state of being
      • Lexical Verbs: These have a meaning that can be identified independently
      • Auxilary Verbs: The additional verbs in a verb phrase that assist the lexical verb
        • Modal Auxilary Verbs:  Convey judgements about the likelihood of events. There are 9 modal verbs – can, could, may, might, will, would, shall, should, must.
      • Primary Verbs: Can exist as lexical verbs and auxiliaries. There are only three of these – be, have and do
    • Adjectives: Describe a noun.
      • Comparative: comparing two things
      • Superlative: most or least of something
    • Adverbs: Describe a verb/action
      • Manner -how something is done       Time  -when something is done      Place - where or in what direction something is done) e.g. backwards   Degree- to what intensity/how much something is done Comment- adding an option to a clause or phrase Frequency - how often something is done
    • Pronouns:  used instead of a noun e.g. ‘he’/ ‘she’
      • Possessive Pronouns: e.g. My/mine/her/hers/it/its/their/theirs
      • Pronouns can be classified as first, second or third person
      • They can also be labelled as ‘singular’ (referring to one person/thing) or ‘plural’ (referring to more than one person/thing)
    • Prepositions:   describe distance/ position/place
    • Determiners:  ‘the’/ ‘a’ / ‘an’
    • Conjunctions: joining words – e.g. ‘and’/ ‘but’
    • Sentences
      • Functions: Declarative?Imperative?Interrogative?Exclamative?
      • Types:  Simple Compound Complex Minor
    • Adverbials:  words or phrases that act like adverbs.
    • Clauses:  Main Clause- a clause that can stand alone as a simple sentence without being dependent. Every major sentence will include a main clause.?Coordinate clause – is also a main clause in a sentence containing more than one main clause. Subordinate clause – a clause that can not act alone as a main clause and forms the part of a complex sentence.


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