Group Dynamics of performance

  • Created by: Kimberly
  • Created on: 19-01-15 07:31
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  • Group Dynamics of performance
    • steiner's model
      • Actual productivity = potential productivity - losses due to faulty processes.
      • There are two faulty processes that bring about losses in potential productivity:
        • (1) Co-ordination losses (ringleman effect). any breakdown in teamwork is regarded as a co-ordination  loss.
          • Ringleman stated that problems in team co-ordination are more likely to occur as the number of the team increases.
        • (2) Motivation losses (social lofing). Motivational losses relate to an individual who suffers a decrease in motivation during performance causing the player to withdraw effort.
          • Negative influences that cause social loafing: team mates aren't trying = less effort. If the player feels like they are never watches.
    • Task Cohesion
      • This is most important in interactive sports and activities. Task Cohesion relates to the way team members work with each other to complete a task. successfully
    • Social Cohesion
      • This is most important in co-active sports or activities. Social cohesion involves  the formation of personal relationships within the group that provide the individual with support and friendship.
    • Factors that affect team cohesion
      • (1) SITUATIONAL FACTORS - these include elements of specific situation and environment in which the team will operate.
      • (2) INDIVIDUAL FACTORS - these refer to the characteristics of the team members. The motivation level and the experience of the individual members are examples.
      • (3) LEADERSHIP FACTORS - these involve the style of leadership preferred by the group.
      • (4) TEAM FACTORS - these include collective team goals, good communication and a record of shared success.
    • Groups of players must have an intangible bond  to fulfill their true potential. This bond is strengthened by:
      • Socialising together to get to know and respect one another. Having a common goal. Generating pride and belief in a project shared with all the team.
    • 'A group is two or more persons who are interacting with one another in such a manner  that each  person influences  and is influences  by each other person' -SHAW M E 1976
    • For a collection of people to be defined as a group, the members must:
      • Interact with one another, be socially attracted to each other, share goals or objectives, have a shared identity which distinguishes them from other groups


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