History roosevelt/churchill

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    • In 1942 Churchill met him in New York and persuaded him to follow 'operation sledgehammer' for an invasion of France to take pressure of the Russians and instead promoted the idea for a joint campaign in North Africa
      • There were limits though, he disliked Britain's backing of De Gaulle as he did not represent French opinion. there was also a build up of US forces in Britain, in June 1942 over a million came before being shipped to North Africa and Italy.
    • In Washington 1943, Us pressure forced a date for the invasion of northern France. Roosevelt thought the key idea was to negotiate with Stalin
    • Splits became apparent in 1943, the USA favoured an attack on southern France, but Churchill wanted attacks in the Balkans
      • 1943 conference in Tehran-clear relations had changed.
      • roosevelt refused to meet Churchill privaetly to decide on a joint policy, he also met the Chinese leader Jiang Jieshi without his knowledge. he also made it clear he wanted British attacks in Burma at the expense of more attacks in the Mediterranean.
      • The USA abandoned the policy of 'Europe first' and wanted the defeat of Japan
      • at Quebec in 1944 Churchill got no commitment for post-war financial assistance for Britain. by 1944 it was clear that america was not as concerned about post-war soviet expansion as Britain, and that the USA was not prepared to back the idea of an anglo-american race to occupy Berlin before the russian army got there.
      • At the last meeting in Yalta 1945, Roosevelt and churchill agreed on the policy that there should be free elections and democracy in post-war europe; Roosevelt was concerned that this would apply to the empire, and when he died in april 1945 Churchill paid a fulsome tribute to him.
        • But churchill did not attend his funeral, he was critical of US policy and Roosevelt never visited churchill in Britain


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