6.2 Holiday and Tourism change in the 1950s and 1960s

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  • Holiday patterns in 1950's and 1960's
    • High Point of holidays
      • During WW2 Many beaches were mined and closed to the public
        • After the war the mines were closed and the beaches re-opened
      • More people started taking an annual holiday
    • Reasons for growth
      • Better wages and improved living standards
      • Better road transport
      • Better advertising of holidays
      • More people entitled to holidays with pay
    • Caravan Holidays
      • Cheap & Affordable
      • Escapism & Independance
      • No. of Caravan sites increased e.g Towyn (N. Wales)
      • Caravn parks developed facilities e.g social clubs and swimming pools
    • Holiday Camp
      • Disused Army Camps converted for holidays
      • Reasonable price accomodation, entertainment and plenty of food
      • Fred Pontin - 1946 first holiday camp at Brean Sands - Smaller than Butlins
      • 1966 Barry Island Butlins camp
      • Too structured
    • Motor Car
      • Improved wages made it more affordable
      • 1963 - 7.5 million registed cars
      • Beeching Axe 1963 closed 5000 miles of railway line - increased car usage
      • Seaside resorts- hotels and guesthouses needed car parks
      • Roadside cafes and Motels appeared - Little Chef 1958
      • Used for daytrips
      • Overcrowded roads (Coast, towns, resorts) - More roads (e.g Bypasses) built
    • National Parks
      • National Parks and Access to the countryside act 1949
        • Conserve natural beauty, wildlife and heritage & promote public enjoyment
      • 10 national parks set up in the 50's
      • Car ownership and activities (e.g watersports) improved tourism
      • e.g Snowdonia - Largest National park


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