Human Rights 3. What are the strategies for global governance of human rights?

  • Created by: DanBish
  • Created on: 06-05-22 19:43
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  • What are the strategies for global governance of human rights?
    • Global governance of human rights involves cooperation between organisations at scales from global to local, often in partnership.
      • How human rights are promoted and protected by institutions, treaties, laws and norms
        • Human right treaties
          • Thought up by the UN
          • States choose to sign and then ratify
          • Once reaches 20 signatories becomes legally binding
          • Signatory – willingness to proceed with adopting the treaty
          • Ratification – a state becomes legally bounded by a treaty
          • Accession – same as ratification but skips out signatory
          • Succession – when a new nations emerges from an old and continues with the already signed treaty
        • European Court of Human Rights
          • Set up in 1959, ensures member states of council of Europe respect rights set out in European Convention of Human Rights
          • Court made up of 47 judges from each state, examining complaints
          • If court finds violation, they explain why in written judgement, then the country must comply
        • Protocols and Conventions
          • Additionally set up, to regulate specific human rights
          • Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict
          • Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CAT)
            • December 1984 - Prevent torture, and investigate if it happens.
      • Global governance of human rights in Afghanistan
        • Contributions and interactions of different organisations at a range of scales from global to local, including the United Nations, a national government and an NGO
          • Although not legitimate government, Taliban in control of 90% of country before 2001
          • NATO sent troops into the country to combat the Taliban
          • In 2014, NATO completed mission, although they left 10,000 troops there to train the Afghan military
          • Afghan officials met with Taliban repre-sentatives in 2015, although attacks continued in 2016
          • The UN Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA established in 2002 to achieve sustainable peace and development
          • The Afghan government joined the Economic Cooperation Organisation and the South Asian Associated for Regional Cooperation to help promote economic growth
          • UNAMA Aimed to promote respect for international humanitarian and human rights laws; promote accountability; and more
        • Con-sequences of global governance of human rights for local communities.
          • By 2014, nearly 6 million children were attending school, up from 1 million in 2001 - 40% were girls
          • Access to promarty health care had increased to over 50% of the population
          • Maternal mortality rate had halved ince 2001
          • Average life expectancy increased from 55 (2000) to 61 (2013)


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