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  • the humanistic approach
    • developed by maslow and rogers
      • importance of personal growth and fulfillment
        • less scientific
      • free will and choice
      • approach looks at individuals as a whole
      • approach rejects determinism and focuses on free will
        • argues that you are in control of your life, behaviour, and experiences
    • hierarchy of needs
      • self actualisation
        • self esteem
          • love and belongingness
            • safety and security
              • physiological needs
                • air, food, water, shelter, sleep
              • health, employment, stability
            • friends, family, connections
          • confidence, need for individuality
        • the most advanced and rewarding of human needs.
          • to do this people must seek congruence
            • perception of yourself, and your ideal self are matched
            • self worth based on interactions with others
              • people have expectations and conditions (conditions of worth)
                • try to live up to peoples positive regard
                  • person centered therapy
                    • receive unconditional positive regard from therapists, help stay true to yourself leading to congruence
      • positive
        • break up behaviour and experience into smaller components
          • holist not reductionist, everything is acknowledged
            • can treat unique experiences
          • other approaches try to simplify things to make it generalisable
        • bringing the person back into psychology
          • other approaches treated humans as objects of investigation
          • refreshing and optimistic
          • provides positive image of humans as individuals not stats or a measurement
      • negative
        • more associated with individualist cultures
          • 1st world issues, privileged theory
            • unfair to assume everyone is pursuing the path of hierarchy of needs
            • 3rd world countries struggle to pass levels 1 and 2
              • no time to focus on self actualisation
          • limited by cultural bias
        • difficult to test scientifically
          • no empirical evidence, just opinions no facts
          • problematic to assess or measure under experimental conditions
        • relatively little real world application
          • not scientific, unmeasurable results, makes it unreliable
          • abstract concepts
          • more of a social aspect, doesn't help psych to be seen as scientific
          • limited impact within psychology
          • fails to produce any evidence for the theory


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