Inequality: Functionalism

  • Created by: nelliott
  • Created on: 02-06-22 12:25
View mindmap
  • Inequality: Functionalism
    • Gender
      • Murdock
        • Gender division of labour - studied gender roles in over 200 societies & found women were located in the home because of their biological role of children bearing
      • Parsons & Bales
        • Expressive & instrumental roles
      • Rastogi
        • Human capital is 'knowledge, competency, attitude and behaviour embedded in an individual'
      • Oakley
        • Critiques functionalism, stating that gender roles are socially constructed
    • Age
      • Parsons
        • Focus on society's role in managing age issues & the bridge between childhood & adulthood
      • Eisenstadt
        • Agrees with Parsons, saying that differential age groups learn new roles that lead to further cohesion and solidarity in society
      • Cummings & Henry
        • Disengagement theory - with ageing, a persons abilities deteriorate, and they need to be relieved
      • Philipson
        • Critiques this, arguing that the elderly have historically been used as a reserve army of labour, but this has grown in recent years - age inequality can be seen as a social construction to benefit the bourgeoise
    • Ethnicity
      • Patterson
        • The Host Immigration Model - the host feared change immigrants would bring, resented having to compete for jobs and their failure to assimilate
      • Functionalist view
        • The early ethnic inequalities experienced by immigrants were the product of their cultural difference and relatively low level of skills
        • In meritocratic society ethnic inequalities would decline as immigrants adopted the norms and values of mainstream society and climbed their way up the career ladder
    • Social Class
      • Parsons
        • Vale consensus & stratification - those better at achieving things are worthy of reward
      • Davis & Moore
        • Allocates people in the right roles so they can be performed to the highest standard.
      • Tumin
        • Critiques Davis & Moore arguing whether it is possible to determine the functional importance of a position


No comments have yet been made

Similar Sociology resources:

See all Sociology resources »See all Social stratification and inequality resources »