internal and external social control

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  • social control
    • internal forms of social control
      • rational ideology
        • an idea or belief to achieve social control
        • conscience with feelings of guilt anxiety or worry from within guides you to reach a solution or follow rules and laws
      • tradition
        • may be traditions norms and customs that ensure you conform to the rules
        • sometimes religion or culture or purely your upbringing ensures you do not break the law
      • internalisation of social rules and morality
        • internalisation of social rules and morality is working out what is the right thing to do and therefor knowing what is right and wrong based upon social values
    • external forms of social control
      • most obvious and visible form
        • excerised by people and organisations specifically empowered to enforce conformity of societies laws
        • police officers, judges, prisons most evident agents
      • coercion
        • physical  coercion may take form of bodily injury imprisonment and in some countires death penalty
        • non violent coercion consists of strikes boycotts and non-cooperation
      • fear of punishment
        • use of punishment as a threat to stop people from offending is called deterrence
        • individual deterrence is punishment imposed on offenders in order to deter them from committing further crimes
        • general deterrence is fear of punishment that prevents others from committing similar crimes e.g. someone getting a lengthy sentence


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