Islamic practices

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  • Islamic practices
    • Five pillars of Islam
      • Shahadah
        • The declaration of faith
          • "There is not God but Allah and Muhammad is his messenger"
      • Hajj
        • Pilgrimage to the Ka'ba in Mecca
          • "Pilgrimage to the House is a duty owed to God by people who are able to undertake it"
      • Salat
        • Praying 5 times a day towards Mecca
          • "your Lord says call on me and I will answer you"
          • wudu - ritual of washing before prayer
          • mihrab - a niche in a wall that idicates the direction of mecca
          • quiblah wall - the wall in a mosque that contains the mihrab
      • Zakat
        • A 2.5% of Muslims savings annually goes to those in need
          • "Give zakat, and whatever good you put forward for yourseves you will in Allah"
          • "God is well aware of whatever you do"
      • Sawm
        • Fasting durining the month of Ramadam
          • "The night of glory is better than a thousand months"
          • "It was in the month of Ramadan that the Qur1an was revealed as guidance for mankind...So any of you who is present that month should fast"
    • Festivals
      • Eid-al-fitr
        • Celebrating the end of Ramadan
          • For 1-3 days, special prayers are said, best clothes worn, lots of food - crads and presents are exchanged
        • Thank God for the strenght and help he has given them to fast for a month
      • Eid-al-adha
        • Festival of sacrifcice, lasts for 4 days
        • Celebrated on the 10th day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah
        • Remembers and honours the prophet Ibrahim, who was willing to sacrifice his son on God's command.
        • Forms part of Hajj, people visit family and enjoy festive meals. Begins with prayer in the mosques. Animals are also slaughtered to remember Ibrahims sacrifice
      • Ashura
        • Day of morning and atonement
          • Remembers the death of Hussein, grandson of Muhammad in the Karbala.
            • Battle  between Hussein and the army of Caliph Yazid.
            • Shi'a muslims fast all day, self-flagilation to re-inact the event and remember Hussein.
    • Jihad
      • struggling against evil
        • greater jihad
          • inward struggle to keep faith
        • lesser jihad
          • outward sturggle to protect faith
      • "This is my oath leading straight, so follow it"


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