James I and Puritans

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  • Created on: 12-05-22 12:24
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  • James I and Puritans
    • The Millenary Petition
      • Said to be signed by 1,000 ministers
      • "Your Majesty's subjects and ministers, all groaning under a common burden of human rites and ceremonies"
      • What they objected to: sign of cross at baptism, confirmation, women administering baptism, marriage rings, bowing at Jesus' name, surplice and cap.
      • What they demanded: better observance of the sabbath, end of pluralism, better standard of preaching because sermon was imperative to worship.
      • April 1603
      • James' response to the Petition was swift and decisive which was pleasing to Puritans.
      • To resolve this he announced he would call a conference of Bishops and Puritan officials to discuss these demands.
    • The Hampton Court Conference
      • James appeared to be very willing to address the Puritan concerns with the Church.
      • Bishops were to have less power to dismiss ministers.
      • As well as the demands stated in the Millenary Petition, the following items were desired by the Puritans: Reynolds suggested new bible translation.
        • Further demands: reformed High Court of Commission, minister had to be 'able and sufficient men'.
      • The biggest success that emerged was the King James Bible (1611) to replace the bishops bible and the Geneva bible (Puritan favoured).
      • The Court of High Commission: it's jurisdiction was only for heresy, clergy offences etc...
      • January 1604
    • Failure at handling Puritans
      • Bancroft's Canons 1604: The canons undermined the success of the HCC as it enforced many of the practices that the Puritans objected to. 73-83 of ministers resigned and moved to USA after. Between 1610-1625 only 2 ministers were punished for non-conformity.
      • Promotion of Arminianism: Neile became Bishop of Durham and Andrewes became Bishop of Winchester. both accompanied James to Scotland in 1617 to reform the Kirk.
      • Spanish Match: James pursued the catholic bride Infanta Maria for his protestant son Charles to the protest of Puritan MPs. Match fell through and good relations with Catholic countries weren't maintained and Puritans were needlessly angered
    • Other Success
      • Book of Sports 1617: The book detailed that sports were allowed after church services on Sundays instead of frequenting taverns and tobacco use. Extreme Puritans objected still not allowing servants to clean and not eating meat.
      • Consecration of Bishops: James made it a priority to consecrate new bishops to maintain balance. 40 new bishops were consecrated. They also gained more influence: 6 bishops sat on the privy council and many sat in the House of Lords.
      • Preaching: Many of the newly consecrated Bishops were Calvanist and encouraged preaching. Bishop Jegon of Norwich and Bishop Mathew of Durham pracahed in remote areas.
        • 1622: Preachers were instructed not to diverge from their material into criticism of royal policy.
      • Parliament's Bills: In the first two of James' Parliament there were over 70 bills for religious reform aimed at pluralism and the 1604 Canons. In 1621, there was much less demand for reform.
      • Thirty Years' War: Initially James did not want to enter the war even if it was based on religion ad his son-in-law was involved because of his pacifist beliefs. But eventually he did send aid.


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