Key theorists: Regional dialect

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  • Created by: E456
  • Created on: 28-11-17 08:23
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  • Key theorists: Regional Variation
    • Howard Giles
      • capital punishment experiment
        • regional accents more persuasive than the RP accent
        • people were not impressed with urban accent speakers
        • RP presentation and printed text more impressive
      • theory of accomodation
        • 'when people interact they adjust their speech, their vocal patterns and their gestures, to accommodate to others'.
    • Trudgill
      • more women in Norwich pronounced -ing more than men
      • more people from the middle middle class pronounced -ing that from the lower class
      • in all social classes, the more careful the speech, the more likely people were to say 'walking' rather than 'walkin'
      • carried out a study in Norwich on the use of the standard, prestige -ing form
    • Gary Ives
      • taboo is part of the teen vernacular
      • dialect is used commonly when speaking
      • slang, which teens see as typical of their age group, is common
      • informal lexical choices are often linked by common themes on topics
      • carried out a study at a West Yorkshire secondary school, researching the idea that someone's age influences their language
    • Paul Kerswill
      • the movement of people leads to greater dialect contact
      • the movement of people leads to radical changes in people's social networks
    • Leslie Milroy
      • carried out participant observation in Belfast to in order to interpret socio-linguistic patterns, by gaining access to everyday speech
      • the strongest vernacular speakers were generally those who had the strongest neighborhood network ties - those with the highest level of integration into neighbourhood networks
    • Dixon, Mahoney and *****
      • used the 'matched guise' approach in order to see if there was a correlation between accent and how we percieve someone's guilt
      • non-standard Birmingham speakers are more likely to be considered guilty than more standard Birmingham speakers
    • Choy and Dodd
      • teachers make judgement on a student's ability and their personality based on the way they speak
    • Neuliep and Speten-Hansen
      • used the 'matched guise' approach to see whether there is link between ethnocentrism and the perception of a speaker with a 'non-native accent'
      • those considered to be ethnocentric gave lower rating to the non-native speakers
      • how a non-native speaker is perceived can depend on the ethnocentricity of the person they are speaking to
    • Seligam, Tucker and Lambert
      • teacher's perceptions of students are heavily influenced by their speech

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