Key Topic One for Edexcel Alevel History- Communist China

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  • Created by: jimmyvm
  • Created on: 18-05-22 09:21
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  • Key topic one- China
    • State of China in 1949
      • Economic issues: Hyperinflation due to GMD printing money for Army. In 1946, 100 yuan could buy you a pig, by 1949 it could buy you an egg.
        • Some areas badly affected by famine, crops dying
      • Economic issues: GMD sabotaged industrial sites, Mao could not make China an industrial power (ideological reasons)
        • Key infrastructure had been damaged, railways, telophone lines
      • Social issues: Law and order broke down- 1 million bandits attacking refugees displaced by Civil war
        • 50 different ethnic and religious groups- no unity
      • Political issues: no political unity. Didn't expect fall of nationalists so soon- administrative chaos.
        • Large areas still run by war lords.
        • Can't have economic development without coordinated control, despite economic ruin.
          • Political problem's has knock on effect on economy
            • Political disruption like Soviet union ********* them of gold, silver, and cultural assets
          • Economic issues: GMD sabotaged industrial sites, Mao could not make China an industrial power (ideological reasons)
            • Key infrastructure had been damaged, railways, telophone lines
        • There were still some nationalists on Chinese soil
          • Spies and saboteurs sent to attack the new regime and the US supplied planes to bomb cities. Feb 1950, 1000 killed
    • The Power Structure
      • Communist Party
        • Central People's Government (executed decrees, laws, treaties, wars and declared budget
        • People's Liberation Army (all political power lies in the barrel of a gun)
          • Economic role to rebuild infrastructure and political role to intimidate and remove opponents
            • 'Learn from the PLA' and the 'people's soldiers' displaying dicipline, bravery etc
        • Had 5.8 million members by 1950
          • 49 member standing committee
            • 25 man Politburo
    • Defeating CCP opponent's
      • The Laogai
        • Contributed 35,000 tonnes of grain to economy
        • Estimated 27 million deaths
          • 1.3 million in forced labour 1955
          • 300 000 doctors/ engineers etc imprisopned
      • The anti's campaigns
        • 90% of businessmen guilty of the 5 antis
          • bribery, tax evasion, theft of state property, cheating on gov contracts and stealing of economic info
      • Campaign to supress counter revolutionaries
        • Self registration and mass participation
          • 800,000 counter rev deaths
      • Suppression of ethnic minorities (Uighers, xinjiang, guandong and Taiwan0
      • reunification campaigns and invasion of Tibet
        • Migration of Han Chinese into Tibet- population rise 3 million to 10 million
          • Highways build and propaganda spread. PLA used to consolidate control

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