gender theorists

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  • language and gender theorists
    • peter trudgill
    • Robin Lakoff
    • zimmerman and west
    • o'barr and atkins
    • Jenny Chesire
    • fishman
    • jennifer coates
    • deborrah tannen
    • jane pilklington
    • janet Holmes
    • coupland and bishop
    • derborrah cameron
  • wanted to find out why peoples way of talking varied
  • suffix focus
  • men use nore non standard pronunciat-ion than women
  • Womens language lacked real authority
  • created politeness principle
  • believed that womens language was power less
  • to make women to seem more submissive
  • wanted to find out the if presence of interruptions depended on gender
  • 90% of conversations includeded interuptions in mens coversation
  • devolped from Lakoffs findings
  • differences are situation specific
  • relied on authority
  • relationships between boys and girls and how it affected grammar
  • more likley to confrom when put in same gendered groups
  • changed the way they spoke around each other
  • dialect variation is a consious choice. influenced by social attitude
  • use of tag questions in mixed gender conversations
  • tag questions are used by women to maintain conversations with women
  • women used due to lack of confidence (intimidation)
  • women have controll
  • different styles of speaking are due to all gendered frienship groups
  • created stereotypes within langauage
  • women use epistemic modal forms e.g. perhaps to avoid threatening facts
  • female co-operation
  • difference theory
  • women want to have support and understanding
  • men want to stand alone and do things their own way
  • reserach on conversations in a bakery in 9 months
  • women talked to affirmed solidarity
  • men challegned each others points
  • wheather men and women spoke differently
  • gender? status?power?
  • doctor-paitent conversations were interupted more than male physicians
  • in buisness, men dominated
  • men have more power
  • male breadwinner
  • scottish and edingborough english showed higher prestiege judgements
  • scottish people believed accents with a celtic background held higher presteige
  • shows changes in authority of the scottish accent
  • verbal hygeine - gender diversity
  • blamed how children are taught english
  • spoken language depended on lexis and context


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