Language and Occupation mind map

  • Created by: Rosie666
  • Created on: 07-06-18 20:37
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  • Language and Occupation
    • Hornyak
      • Theorised that the shift from work talk to personal talk is always initiated by the highest ranking person in the room
      • Small talk is defined by the power relationship between workers
      • Superiors initiate and delimit small talk and define suitable conservations matters
    • Koester
      • Phatic communication is verbal or non-verbal communication that has a social function, such as to start a conversation, rather than having a informative function
      • Phatic talk is very important in the workplace. it creates interpersonal relationships, which increases efficiency and helps to avoid any potential confrontations
      • E..G Verbal= "How's it             going?"         Non verbal= waving hello
    • Drew and Heritage
      • Summarised the differences between workplace talk and everyday conversations
      • Workplace talk features: Goal orientation, Turn taking, Allowable contributions, professional lexis, structure and asymmetry
    • Swales
      • A discourse community isa group of people who share a set of discourses
      • Six defining factors: broadly agreed set of public goals, mechanisims of intercommunication among its members, uses those mechanisms to primarily provide information or feedback, one or more genres used in communication, a specific lexis and a threshold level of members with a suitable degree of context and expertise.
    • Herbert and Straight
      • Deflecting of rejecting the compliments negates the implication that the addressee is superior to the speaker in any way
      • E.G. if someone was to post a picture a person would respond "You look so good!" The poster would respond "Not as good as you!"
      • Opposing theorist - Deborah Cameron. Women do this due to their need to support others and not due to an inability to accept a compliment
    • Holmes and Marra
      • Women use just as much as humour as men and for the same purpose (to control the discourse)
      • Women are more likely to encourage supportive collaboration


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