Language acquisition

View mindmap
  • Language Acquisition
    • Pre-Linguistic stages of acquisition
      • 1) Biological noise- vomiting, coughing, crying etc
      • 2)Cooing and laughing- short vowel- like sounds, quieter, lower pitched and more musical
      • 4) Babbling- baby produces phonemes often in the form of combinations of vowels and consonants, e.g mamama, dadada
      • 3) vocal play- a controlled single vowel or single consonant sounds. More varied than babbling, but less controlled.
    • Linguistic stages of Acquisition
      • 1) Holophrastic stage- one word, e.g juice
      • 2) Two word stage, e.g me juice
      • 3) Telegraphic stage- 3 words or more, e.g me want juice
    • Semantic development
      • Over extension-when a child acquiring language uses a word too generally to refer to different but related things, e.g calling everything with four legs a dog.
      • under extensions- when a child uses words in a very restricted way, e.g using words like hat to refer only to the one the child is wearing
      • Mis-match- they get the name of something wrong, e.g calling a chair a hat
    • The communication functions of early language
      • Instrumental- this is when a child wants to satisfy a material need, e.g 'nana' meaning 'I want a banana'
      • Regulatory- this is when a child tries to organise someones behaviour, e.g the utterance 'up' meaning 'lift me up'
      • Interactional- utterances that are used simply to promote a conversation, e.g 'man clean car' meaning ' I want to have a convo about the man cleaning
      • personal- to express personal thoughts, feelings or opinions
      • Heuristic- the question function, e.g 'wassat'
      • Imaginative- when a child creates imaginary words
      • Representational- the use of language to give facts about themselves and the words around them


No comments have yet been made

Similar English Language resources:

See all English Language resources »See all Child language acquisition resources »