Later Adulthood

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  • Intellectual Development/ Infancy and Early Childhood
    • Types of intellectual development
      • Language development - essential for organising thoughts and to share and express ideas. Important for clarification
      • Problem solving - essential for working things out and to make predictions about what might happen
      • Memory - Essential for storing, recalling, and retrieving information
      • Moral development - essential for reasoning and making choices. Informs the individual how to act in particular situations. How to act towards self and others
      • Abstract thoughts - essential for thinking and discussing situations and events that cannot be observed
    • Stages of intellectual development across the lifespan
      • Infancy and early childhood - stages of rapid intellectual development
      • Adolescence to early adulthood - development of logical thought, problem solving, and memory recall skills
      • Middle adulthood - Can think through problems and make sound judgements using lif experiences
      • Later adulthood - Changes in the brain can cause short term memory decline and slower thought processes and reaction times
    • Infancy and Early Childhood
      • Infants brains grow rapidly during the first few years of their lives
      • Brain development develops the learning process of:
        • Memory
        • Language
          • More making sounds than words
        • Thinking
        • Reasoning
      • Piaget Theory
        • Contains 4 stages of development between certain ages
        • Only linked to children and infants intellectual development
    • Information processing
      • Nurture (environment) plays a large role in how we process information
      • After processing the information by paying attention to it we store it on our short term memory
      • Example
        • Eye receives the visual information
          • The brain makes sense of the information received
            • We display how we have perceived the information in our behaviour




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