Leadership In Sport

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  • Leadership In Sport
    • Trait Theory
      • Born not Made
      • Referred to as Great Man Theory
      • Personality traits to suit leadership
        • Courageous
        • Tenacious
        • Knowledgable
        • Good communicator
    • Interactionist Theory
      • More modern theory
      • Involves behaviour and personality
        • Leaders emerge because of inherited abilities (traits) & learned skills (social learning)
    • Social Learning Theory
      • Leaders formed throughout life by social & environmental issues
      • Nurture not nature
        • Not linked to Trait Theory
      • Observation of a higher statue model - then initiate the behaviour
        • Links to vicarious experiences
    • Becoming a Leader -Carron 1982 said 2 ways to become a leader
      • Prescribed Leader
        • Appointed by a governing group/ organising body
      • Emmergent Leader
        • Come from within the group
          • Formally through nomination or selection
            • Informally by skills and abilities
    • Styles of Leadership
      • Autocratic
        • Dictate
          • Make all the decisions
        • Motivated to complete tasks quickly
        • Authoritarian style
          • Groups opinions not taken in to account
        • No shared responsibility
        • Most effective when there are large numbers
          • Most effective when decisions have to be made quickly
            • Most effective when the task is complex or dangerous
              • Better with males, older performers, novices or weak performers
        • Can also be known as task orientated
      • Democratic
        • Shares decisions & responsibilities with the group
        • Respects views of the majority
        • Likes to develop interpersonal relationships
          • Also known as relationship orientated
        • Most effective when performers are experienced
          • Most effective when it is not a dangerous situation
            • Most effective when there are good relationships
              • Better with smaller groups, younger, female, experienced, skilled performers
      • Laissez-faire
        • Leader stands aside
        • Group make the decisions
        • Adopts a passive role
        • Most effective when you want the group to develop own strategies
        • Least effective when...
    • Fiedler's Model
      • There is no one best style of leadership. Instead, a leader's effectiveness is based on the situation.
      • Leadership Style/ Effectiveness
        • Believed style is fixed
        • Task orientated = autocratic style of leadership
        • Relationship orientated = democratic style of leadership
      • Situational favourableness
        • Depends on 3 factors
          • Leader member relations
          • Task structure
          • Leaders position of power
    • Chelladurai's Multi Dimensional Model
      • 3 things affect the style of leadership used
        • Characteristics of the situation
          • E.g. Danger, facilities, time available
        • Characteristics of the leader
          • E.g. Experience, personality
        • Characteristics of the group
          • E.g. group size, age, gender, ability/ experience
        • The more the leaders actual behaviour matches expectations of the group and the demands of situation
          • The greater the group satisfaction & performance

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