Improving Favelas in Rio

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  • Management of Shanty Towns
    • Improving the Favelas
      • Local communities
        • Want to improve quality of life and end gang culture
      • Charities
      • Government departments
        • While they want to improve conditions in shanty towns, they do not want to encourage more to develop
      • Problems with gangs, violence and drug culture
    • Site and Service schemes
      • Give people the chance to rent or buy a piece of land
      • Land is connected to the city by transport links
      • Access to essential services such as running water
      • People can build their own homes using money from a low-interest loan
      • Problems - restricted by surrounding mountains and heavy rain can lead to flooding
    • Rural Investment
      • May help to improve conditions in the city aswell
      • Improving the quality of life in rural areas may prevent people from migrating to urban areas
    • Self-help schemes
      • Set up by authorities in Rio
      • People are given tools and training to improve their homes
      • Materials provided to construct permanent housing
        • Residents provide the labour
        • Money saved on labour can be spent on basic amenities such as water and electricity
      • Facilities like schools, health clinics and recreational areas are provided
      • Some residents buy the houses or pay rent
        • This does not help the unemployed or very low paid
      • Rocinha favela in Rio
        • Most homes made from concrete and brick
        • Have basic sanitation, plumbing and electricity
        • Cost the government over £200 million
    • Pacification
      • Policy by authorities to remove gang culture
        • Stage 1 - armed police units go into favelas to drive out criminal gangs
          • Permanent police presences make area safer
        • Stage 2
          • Rios municipal authority can provide social services
            • Schools, healthcare centres and rubbish colleciton
        • 30 of Rio's favelas have been pacified since 2008
          • 400,000 people in Rio benefitting
            • 1.1 million people still do not benefit from pacification


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