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  • Mangroves
    • ecological features
      • dominated by halophytic trees
    • importance of mangroves
      • biodiversity-provide a habitat for a wide variety of species
      • coastal erosion protection
      • fisheries-provide important nursery grounds for fish that spend their adult lives in the coral reefs
      • resources-provide timber for construction and fuel
    • threats
      • growth of human population
      • expansion of economic developments (eg: urban developments)
    • conservation efforts
      • 75% of mangroves in Sri Lanka have been lost but the rest were legally protected in 2015


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