Mary, Queen of Scots

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  • Created on: 01-07-20 10:19
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  • Mary, Queen of Scots
    • Early life & Career
      • Became Queen of Scotland in 1542 when she was 8 days old.
      • Her grandmother was Henry VIII's sister
      • Married French heir to the throne and was briefly Queen of Scotland and France
        • Believed she was rightful heir of England too
    • Turning Point
      • 1560, French King died
        • Returned to Scotland to discover Protestantism growing.
          • Was accused to be involved in the murder of her 2nd Husband (Lord Darnley)
      • Her infant son crowned king in 1567
        • Mary fleed to England- at Elizabeth's mercy
          • Was accused to be involved in the murder of her 2nd Husband (Lord Darnley)
    • Plots against Elizabeth
      • Mixed response to Mary's arrival- protestants afraid she would return to anti protestant policies. Catholics may have supported her to get Catholicism back as a primary faith
      • Throckmorton Plot 1583
        • Led by Francis Throckmorton- aimed to have Elizabeth dethroned and then allow France to invade. Plot was discovered.
      • Ridolfi Plot, 1571
        • Italian man Ridolfi planned to coincide with another northern rebellion but their attempt was thwarted.
      • Northern Rebellion, 1569
        • Elizabeth refused to let Mary marry Earl of Northumberland so he rebelled. Had a large catholic gathering that was thwarted by Earl of Sussex
      • Babington Plot 1586
        • Andrew Babington spoke back and forth with Mary to have Elizabeth killed. Plot was discovered.
          • Led to Mary's execution
    • Execution
      • Elizabeth was reluctant to have her killed for political and emotional reasons
        • Mary faced trial (1586) and was sentenced to private execution
          • She was executed on 8th Februaury 1587
            • Catholics now had a martyr- Elizabeth had to be careful about her loyalties.


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