Medieval Medicine - Part 1:

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  • Medicine In Medieval England:
    • Context:
      • Wars destroyed Roman public health systems medical libraries.
      • Smaller kingdoms only built up their armies.
      • Countries became poorer because War had disrupted trade.
        • Travel became more dangerous so it reduced the communication between doctors.
      • The training of doctors was abandoned and Galen's books were destroyed or hidden away.
      • Later:
        • The Church set up universities to train doctors.
        • Armies took doctors with them and doctors gained more experience with surgery.
        • Rulers began to clean up the towns.
        • Merchants and scholars began to travel again and they shared ideas.
    • The Church's Influence:
      • Monasteries controlled education.
        • Only Priests and Monks were literate.
        • The Church opened up medical schools where Galen's ideas were taught.
        • The only libraries were inside the Monastaries.
          • The Church banned books that they disliked.
      • Monasteries made an effort to provide clean running water and toilets.
      • Monasteries set up hospitals and were run by nuns and monks.
        • They provided 'hospitality' for visitors.
        • Genuinely ill people were turned away to prevent the spread of disease.
    • Galen and Hippocrates:
      • Church leaders felt that Galen's works fitted in with the Christian ideas because he referred to "the lord".
        • Doctors believed his work was correct and it was impossible to prove him wrong.
      • Galen was a huge influence to doctors in the Arab and the Christian world.
      • Medical schools appeared in Western Europe.
        • Translations of Galen's and Hippocrates's works were accepted as the absolute truth.
    • Arab scholars picked up and developed ideas from the Greeks.
      • The attitude of Muslims to the Quran meant that they were unwilling to critic Galen's works.
    • Other:
      • Aristotle's four humours, Galen's theory of opposites, and Hippocrates's clinical observation lived on.
        • Books were written that brought the works of Aristotle, Galen and Hippocrates together.




Quick mindmap for quick revision dont expect too much tho but i simplified it all

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